AUTHOR: Dr. R.N.Sharma.
DESCRIPTIONS: The Manu-smrti stands foremost among the principal work of its class. It has always been a work of universal authority. It has seved as a veritable storehouse of information for social, cultural, political & religious life of the people. It contained the very essence of later Hinduism. Its study is imperative for the proper understanding of Indian culture. The Manu Smriti is a standard & the most authoratative work on Hindu law & presents the normal form of Hindu society & civilization. It is a storehouse of information on the social, cultural, religious, ethical, educational, political, judical & geographical life of the period & this is perfectly natural. The Manusmriti is divided into 12 chapter and contains 2694 anustubh couplets. The 1st chapter deals with the origin of the world, creation of beings, the origin of the text as Manu taught it through Brghu, the units of time & yugas & difference in their respective dharmas, according to them the four classes of men & the differences in their dharmas. It also gives the list of topics to be subsequently dealt with in the work. The 2nd chapter deals with four sources of dharma, some sacraments & upanayana. The 3rd & 4th chapters state the duties of the householder & a snataka respectively. The 5th chapter deals with food, impurity & purification & the women. The 6th chapter consists of duties of forest-dweller & the sanyasa. The duties of a king are described in the 7th chapter. The administration of civil & criminal law is dealt with in the 8th chapter. The laws of husband & wife, the law of inhertance, the punishments for some cribes are described in 9th chapter. The rules for the four caste & laws of penance are described in the 10th & 11th chapters respectively. The 12th chapter deals with tranmigration & knowledge of Atman. The various topics dealt with in the Manusmrti make it a compendium systematically epitomising the ideal traditions, rites & customs as laid own in the vedic literature. Contains Original Text with English Translations.